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Background: Harvard has a set of 18 Russian bells purchased from the Soviet government in 1930, one of only five complete, intact sets of pre-revolutionary Russian bells left in the world. They came from Moscow's oldest monastery, which is now also the Patriarch's residence. The monastery has been trying to get the bells back for the past 20 years, but they have become part of Harvard's culture too, and the university is not just hoping to get rid of them. Also, the towers would have to be dismantled in order to remove them. Nonetheless, the dialogue has been amicable, and Harvard is willing to entertain the idea of their return.
Monday, December 08, 2003
Monks Visit Harvard Seeking Lowell Bells
By JOSHUA D. GOTTLIEB
After years of clicking a link on the Lowell House website to hear their Russian bells clang, a delegation of monks from Moscow rang the bells in person for the first time this weekend.
The group journeyed from the Danilov Monastery to Mass. Hall to ask University officials for the bells return.
It was a positive meeting, said Vice President of Government, Community and Public Affairs Alan J. Stone, who spoke with the monks on Friday. [It] was an opportunity to get to know each other and begin to discuss the topic of the bells.
With another hour of discussions planned for today, Stone refused to discuss the details of the conversations.
The Russian delegation which included Archimandrite Alexy Polikarpov, the father superior of the monastery, Danilovs chief bell-ringer, Hierodeacon Roman Ogryzkov and Alexei Rogar from the Russian Consulate in New York also met with Dean of the College Benedict H. Gross 71 and dined with Lowell House Masters Diana L. Eck and Dorothy A. Austin.
The bells currently hanging in Lowells belfry arrived at Harvard 73 years ago, donated by American entrepreneur Charles R. Crane, who bought them from the Soviet Union.
Representatives of the monastery have been seeking the return of the bells for almost 20 years, but intensified their quest last year before the 700th anniversary of the death of St. Danil, the monasterys founder.
At a discussion in the Lowell House Library on Friday, the monks described the bells spiritual dimension and the monasterys past while Lowell historians talked about the instruments time hanging in Cambridge.
The monks then joined Lowells bell-ringers known as Klappermeisters as they played the bells Friday and Sunday.
Standing beneath Sacred Oil, which weighs more than six tons, Ogryzkov pointed a microphone upwards. He recorded the tunes played by Aara E. Edwards 02-04, Alex J. Healy 02 and Luis A. Campos 99.
[I] wanted to record these bells sound to get familiar with [the sound] and the bell-ringing tradition here, Ogryzkov said through a translator.
Then Ogryzkov, Danilovs chief bell-ringer, took his turn.
As onlookers cameras flashed, Ogryzkov quietly tested each bells tune for a few seconds by lightly pulling on the attached wires.
Those familiar with Harvards improvised bell tunes were surprised by Ogryzkovs style of playing, based on a percussive ringing of Sacred Oil, the second largest bell.
[Ogryzkov] had to use all four of his limbs at once, marveled Professor of Mathematics Noam D. Elkies, who is also a musician and composer. What we do is like playing with one hand on the piano and hes playing an organ.
Campos described Ogryzkovs playing as better than I ever could have hoped.
Im on such a high, he added.
Weve been experimenting with our style, Campos said. What we thought was modern was in fact the more traditional way of doing it.
Ogryzkov noted that the Klappermeisters approach to bell music, which involves playing popular tunes, clashed with the traditional style.
They were treated less as an instrument and more as an attribute of church service, he said of the bells history. In a way it doesnt seem quite right that bells made for religious purposes are being used this way but the fact that they are played...is better than them not being played at all.
Though Lowell residents praised Ogryzkovs bell-playing, they disagreed on the main question surrounding the visit whether the bells should be returned to Moscow.
I think that Lowell and Harvard have the right to [the bells], said Mary C. Serdakowski 06. They define who Lowell House is.
But Kaartiga Sivanesan 06 was not convinced.
It does mean more to the Russians than it does to us, she said. You dont need to have the original Russian bells.
We should give the bells back as long as they give us replacement bells, agreed Michelle T. Sonia 06. Russias older than Lowell...Their traditions go back longer than ours.
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For a history of Harvard's acquisition of the bells, see